Samsung is releasing high-end Tizen OS smartphone devices in August 2013 as it diversifies from Android
Samsung plans to release a smartphone running the Tizen operating system by August or September 2013. The Tizen phone will be one of three flagship products for Samsung, the others being the newly unveiled Galaxy S4 and another version of the Galaxy Note. Tizen phones will be high-end devices.
Tizen is an open-source operating system with the support of multiple handset vendors and wireless carriers, with its development under the guidance of Samsung and Intel. The platform draws from different sources, including Nokia's defunct MeeGo, as well as the LiMo Foundation.
The development of Tizen has come somewhat as an industry reaction to the dominance of Google's Android and Apple's iOS. The carriers like the flexibility of Tizen because it allows them to tinker with an operating system that gives them more control over the subscriber.
For Samsung, virtually all of whose smartphones run on Android, Tizen is considered an alternative if ever the company were to wean itself off of its dependence on Android. Although both Samsung and Android maker Google have reiterated their respect for each other, many believe there are tensions between the two major players in Android.
Tizen is an operating system for devices including smartphones, tablets, in-vehicle infotainment (IVI) devices, and smart TVs. It is an open source system that aims to offer a consistent user experience across devices. Tizen's main components are the Linux kernel and the WebKit runtime. The Tizen project resides within the Linux Foundation and is governed by a Technical Steering Group (TSG) composed of Intel and Samsung.
The Tizen Association has been formed to guide the industry role of Tizen, including gathering of requirements, identification and facilitation of service models, and overall industry marketing and education.
The Core Mobile Web Platform Community Group (Coremob) brings developers, equipment manufacturers, browser vendors and operators together to agree on core features developers can depend on.
Of pre-release systems, Tizen's WebKit-based browser ranks the highest on HTML5 standards tests.
There is also Tizen IVI, operating system of the Automotive Grade Linux Workgroup.
HTML5 applications run on Tizen, Firefox OS, WebOS and BlackBerry 10 under a browser runtime with offline capabilities. In addition each partner (manufacturer or operator) would have its own user interface developed with a native (not public) SDK but technology that can be used for this has not been disclosed.
Android applications can run on Tizen devices with OpenMobile's Application Compatibility Layer (ACL).